Settler Colonialism Uncovered


On May 25, 1830

34,184 soldiers, 3,389 noncombatants, and sailors set sail from Toulon, France for the shores of Algeria commanded by War Minister Count Louis de Bourmont. On board the fleet of 635 ships, they stowed field artillery, siege artillery, and cavalry horses. According to historian John Ruedy, "it was the largest naval force assembled by France since the Napoleonic wars” (Ruedy, Modern Algeria, 48).

"Attaque d'Alger par mer, 3 juillet 1830" (Attack of Algiers by sea, July 3, 1830)

Attack on Algiers by sea

Unable to land on May 31 as planned due to inclement weather, the French were forced to wait until June 14 to disembark in the Bay of Sidi Ferruch, west of Algiers. It took five days to off-load all of the equipment and horses, and by that time, their camp was the size of a large city.

"Attaque d'Alger par la mer 29 Juin 1830" (Attack on Algiers by sea June 29, 1830)

French soldiers make land