Settler Colonialism Uncovered

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In 1798, Napoleon I invaded Egypt, and to feed his troops, bought grain from merchants in Algeria, but he never paid them back. In 1814, the next French government ignored the previous regime's debts until, finally, in 1827, the governor of Algiers…

In an effort to garner support for the flagging Restoration government of Charles X, France launched an attack on Algiers in repayment for the perceived insults suffered.

Scène de l'attaque de l'amiral Dupperé (navire La Provence) lors du bombardement d'Algers, le 3 juillet 1830. Scene from Admiral Dupperé's (warship La Provence) attack during the bombardment of Algiers July 3, 1830.

Between June 30 and July 4,…

Prior to the first French military campaign to conquer the province of Constantine in 1836, parts of Captain Saint-Hippolyte’s notes about Constantine were incorporated into a military report and sent to the Minister of War on August 30, 1836.…

After King Louis XVIII's death in 1824, his younger brother, Charles X, ascended to the throne and reigned 1824-1830.

Newspaper account of the conquest of Algiers

The Battle of Staoueli 19 June 1830 resulted in a route. The French forced the Algerians into a disorganized retreat and advanced toward Algiers. Renowned Algerian historian and novelist, Assia Djebar, describes the battle as follows: "On 18 June the…

The Fort of the Emperor was the last defensive structure guarding the western approach to Algiers. The French breached its walls within five hours of artillery bombardment on 4 July 1830. The Turks guarding the fort blew up what remained of it after…